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Marul neekiyaar, the original name of Thirunavukkarasar, in the early
periods of his life got illusioned by the Jain principles and became a Jain
follower with the name Devaseynar. His elder sister Thilakavathiyar was quite
worried about this and was praying to Lord Shiva for her brothers return to
Saiva tradition. God gave him Soolai disease ( heavy pain in stomach). The
Jain spiritual leaders were not able to cure it. Finally he returned to his
sister, who gave him the Holy Ash and asked him to pray the Lord of
Thiruvadhikai. He sang this hymn and the God gave him relief from his pain
and since he impressed the Lord with his hymns the Lord gave him the name
"Thirunaavukkarasu" meaning the king of the tongue.
Place: Thiruvadhikai (a village near Kadaloor)
Kootraayinavaaru vilakkagileer kodumai pala seidhana naanariyeen
Eetraai adikke iravum pakalum piriyaadhu vananguvan epppozhudhum
Thotraadhen vayitrin agampadiyee kudaroodu thudakki mudakkiyida
Atreen adiyeeen adikaikkedila veerattana thurai ammanee
Do not treat me like the Deva of death. I did a lot of misdeeds due
to my ignorance. Oh the God on the Holy Bull, I will pray your feet in the
day and in the night, always. The pain in my stomach is unbearable. Oh God of
the Veerattaanam* of Adhikai kedilam.
*Veerattaanam - The eight Holy places where Lord Shiva destroyed the evil
forces. In Thiruvadhikai He destroyed the Thripura.
The Jain leaders did not like the return of Thirunaavukkarasar to
Saivism. They asked the Jain king of the country (Maheendhra Pallavan) to
punish Thirunaavukkarasar. The king ordered to bring Thirunaavukkarasar to
the court. But Thirunaanukkarasar dwelving in the Glory of Lord Shiva refused
to obey his order saying that he is the slave of the Almighty and not to
Place : Common
Naamaarkkum kudiyalloom namanai anjoom Naragaththil idar padoom nadalai illom
Eemaappoom piniyariyoom panivoomalloom Inbamee ennalum thunbamillai
Thaamaarkkum kudiyalla thanmaiyaaana Shankaran sanga ven kuzai oor kadhil
komaarke naam enrum meela aalaai koymmalar seevadi inaiyee kuruginoomee.
We are not constrained by the rule of any king. We wont fear for
death. We wont suffer in the Hell. We do not know illness. We wont bow to
anybody else. Everyday is blissful and no sufferings. The Lord Shankara, who
is not responsible to anybody else, is wearing the ring of sea shell in one
ear. To that rich man we became the unrelievable slaves and have taken
shelter in his beautiful reddish feet full of flowers.
The king ordered to tramp Thirunaavukkarasar by the Royal elephant.
Thirunaavukkarasar with heart filled with devotion for the God, who doesn't
bear the sadness of His devotees, sat down and sang this song. The elephant
instead of tramping on him saluted him with its trunk.
Place : Common
Sunna ven sandhana chchaandhum sudar thingat chuulaa maniyum
Vanna vurivai vudaiyum valarum pavala niramum
Annalaran muran yeerum agalam valaaya aravum
Thinnan kedilappunalum vudaiyaar oruvar thamar naam
- Anjuvadhu yaadhondrum illai anja varuvadhum illai
The white Holy Ash, a head ornament - the Moon, the skin of tiger as
dress, the color of ruby, the Holy Bull, lot of snakes, One who possesses
these things, to that God we are servants. SO we are not afraid of anything.
There is nothing that can frighten us.
The king then put Thirunaavukkarasar in the lime kiln. He was put
there for many days. By the grace of God nothing happened to
Thirunaavukkarasar and he came out of the kiln all afresh. At that time he
sang this hymn.
Maasil Veenaiyum Maalai Madhiyamum
Veesu thendralum veengila veynilum
Moosu vandarai poygayum ponradhee
Eesan endhai inayadi neezhalee.
The shelter under the parallel feet of the God, my boss, is like the
nice melody of Veena (Musical Instrument), the early evening moon, pleasant
breeze, the Spring, a pond where bees are in making sound.
Finally the king decided to throw Thirunaanukkarasar into the sea
tieing him to a big stone. He was taken in a boat to the deeper portion of
the sea with the body tied to a stone. He was thrown in the sea. He was
unruffled. That time he recited with great love and confidence on Lord Shiva
this hymn. To the surprise of all others the stone became the boat and
Thirunaavukkarasar got down in a village near Thiruppadhiripuliyoor
Pan: Gaandhaara Panchamam
Sotrunai veedhiyan soodhi vaanavan
Potrunai thirundhadi porundha kai thozha
Katrunai pootiyoor kadalir paaichchinum
Natrunai aavadhu NAMASHIVAYAvee
The reciter of the Vedas, the flame like God, if we pray with folded
hands to his gold like glittering feet, even if we were tied to a big stone
and thrown in the sea there is a savior - that is the NAMASHIVAYA. ( The Holy
Thirunaavukkarasar wanted the bad statement that he once went to
Jainism to be suppressed by identifying him as a Shivanadiyaar (Devotee). For
that he wanted the holy symbols of the Lord, namely the Holy Bull and
Thrisuula, to be marked on his body. For that he sang this song to the Lord
of Thiruth thuungaanai maadam. Immediately Siva ganas came and put those
marks on his shoulders and disappeared.
Place: Thiru Thoonganai maadam(Pennaagadam)
Ponnaar thirvadikku onru undu vinnappam Potri seyum
Enn aavi kaappadharkku ichchai undeeyl Irum kootragala
Minnaarum moovilai choolam enmeer pori meyvu kondal
Thunnaar kadandhayul thoonganai maadach chudarkkozhundhee.
To the Golden Foot there is a request. If there is an intention to
protect my praising soul, driving away the bad statement, the thunder like
three leaved spear be put on me. Oh! budding flame of thuungaanai maadam at
Thirunaavukkarasar wanted to see the abode of the Lord, The Kailaash.
Seeing his determination God asked him to get into a pond in Himaalaya and he
got out in Thiruvaiyaaru. There the God showed the "Kailaashak kaakshi". At
that great moment he sang this hymn.
Maadhar piraik kanniyaanai malaiaan magalodum paadi
Poodhodu neer sumandheeththi puguvaar avar pin puguveyn
Yaadhum suvadu padaamal aiyaar adaikinra poodhu
Kaadhal madappidiyoodum kaliru varuvana kandeeyn
- Kandeeyn avar thirup padham Kandariyaadhana kandeeyn
Singing the Moon cresented with the daughter of the king of mountains,
praising in time carrying water, those who enter, I enter following them.
Without even the footstep, while reaching aiyaaru saw with the loving female
elephant the male elephant. Saw His holy feet ! Saw the unseen !!
Thirunaavukkarasar served the Lord always remembering Him day and
night. The sage who was beyond the desires of wealth and other material
pleasures wanted to be in the holy feet of the God permanently. By His grace
he got the place under His comforting feet singing this nice hymn.
Pan: thiruth thaaNdakam
eNNukeen ensolli eNNukeenoo emperumaan thiruvadiyee eNNinallaal
kaNNileen maRRoru kaLaikaN illeen kazaladiyee kaithozudhu kaaNinallaal
oNNuLee onpadhu vaachal vaiththaay okka adaikkumpoodhu uNaRamaatteen
puNNiyaa unnadikkee poodhukinReen puumpukaluur meeviya puNNiyanee.
To think waht else I can think of other than the holy feet of the
Lord. The blind, I do not see anything else other than seeing with
salutating hands the feet that is ornated with kazal. You kept nine ports
(for this body). When closing (them) together I would not realise. Oh good
deedful ! I am going to your feet. Oh, The good deedful of puumpukaluur!
Manamenum thooni patri madhiyenum koolai vuundri
Sinam ennum sarakkai eetri serikadal oodumpoodhu madhan
Ennum paarai thaakki mariyum poodhu ariyavonnaadhu
Vunai vonum vunarvai nalgaai otriyoor vudaya koovee
Enna maathavam seidhanai nenjamee
Minnu vaar sadai veeydha vizhupporul
Senna laar vayal cheeraiyut chenneri
Mannu sodhi nam paal vandhdhu vaigavee
Vutrirundha vunarvelaam aanaai neeyee
Vutravarkku voor sutramaai ninraai neeyee
Katrirundhdha kalai gnyanam aanaai neeyee
Katravarkku voor karpagamaaai ninraai neeyee
Petrirundha thaayavalin nallaai neeyee
Piraanaai adiyen meeyl vaiththaai neeyee
Setrirundhdha thiruneela kantan neeyee
Thiruvaiyaaru agalaatha semporchoodhi
Pan: Gandhaara Panchamam
Kallinodu ennai puutti aman kaiyar
Vollai neer puga nuukka yen vaakkinaal
Nellai neel vayal neelakudi aran
Nalla naamam navitri vuyndheen andree
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thirunAvkkarachu nAyanAr purANam from periya purANam
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